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PerthWestern Australia

 High buildings in Perth
The Nyoongar tribe occupied the place where Perth is now for thousands of years. The first European people came to Western Australia in 17th-century and the city on the Swan River was founded in 1829. Similar to other old Australian cities, most of the first buildings were constructed by convicts. Because of its great distance from the eastern cities the population grew very slowly. Everything was changed by the discovery of gold in the 1890s. Today, Perth is a modern cosmopolitan city with a population over 1.3 million, around 80% of the inhabitants of Western Australia.

You can find the oldest buildings, mixed with modern concrete and glass skyscrapers, in the northern part of the city. There are beautiful buildings from 19th century like the Perth Mint, St Mary's Cathedral, St George Cathedral, the Perth Townhall and the Cloisters. All these buildings are situated in the center of the city as well as main shopping area.
 The Swan Bells
The Hay street Mall and Murray Street Mall are filled with shops of every description. Many other shops are hidden in arcades between the two streets. Transportation in the center is very easy and free. The 'CAT' buses operate there and are the best way to get to know the city. If you want to go outside from the center to some of the many suburbs you can take the train which is the cheapest and easiest way to get there. You can go to Fremantle, Subiaco or one of the really spectacular beaches on the western coast. Next to the Perth train station is Northbridge. This is the real entertainment heart of the city. There are many cafes, restaurants, pubs and nightclubs full of people of all possible nationalities.

The most beautiful things in Perth are its gardens and parks. It doesn't look like a big city because all around you are trees and flowers and you can really enjoy nature and life almost in the center of the city. Very unique is Kings Park, which is practically next to the CBD, and with its 400 hectares of parkland has something to offer everyone.

Kings ParkWestern Australia, Perth

 Botanic Garden
It is a beautiful sunny day and you are walking up Jacob's Ladder to the higher ground above Perth. Only a few hundred meters from the center of the city you have a spectacular view of the Swan River and skyscrapers. You continue walking and before your eyes slowly spread a colorful carpet of flowers. You are in Kings Park.

This large, 4-square-kilometre park hosts a Botanic Garden covering almost 17 hectares with 2.500 Western Australia plant species. The first big park in Perth was announced in 1872. It was 170 hectares large and expanded to its present size in 1890. Formerly known as "Perth Park" the locality was renamed in 1901 to celebrate the accession of King Edward VII and a visit to Perth by his son the Duke of Cornwall.

 Beautiful view of Swan River
Entry the park is possible through Jacob's Ladder or via Fraser Avenue, which is lined by lemon-scented gums. The Western Australia Botanic Garden begins near the State War Memorial. There are a lots of Australian flowers, banksias, eucalyptuses and all kinds of "kangaroo paws", which is the WA floral emblem.

The park is ideal place for walking, cycling, family picnics or just lying in the middle of nature. Because of its popularity among Perth's citizens, Kings Park is full of people during the weekends when weather is suitable for relaxing. Sometimes in the evening you can enjoy amazing color lights which give the trees in the Honor Avenue an out of this world appearance. Kings Park is a must for every admirer of nature and offers many opportunities to spend a nice day.

The Perth MintWestern Australia, Perth

 The Perth Mint
The Perth Mint is Australian heading precious metals house and the nation's oldest operating mint. It was opened in June 1899, as a branch of Britain's Royal Mint, to refine gold being produced by Western Australia's eastern goldfields. The Mint was under British control until 1970, when it was transferred to the Government of the State of Western Australia. The Mint is Australia's biggest gold refiner refining around 60% of Australia's yearly gold production, manufactures and markets wide range forms of gold and silver for variety applications. From the commencement of Australia's precious metal coin program in 1987 until the end of June 1996, the Perth Mint's coins had consumed more than 111 tones of gold, 200 tones of silver and 15 tones of platinum.

Throughout its history the Mint has produced large amounts of Australia's legal tender coinage:

  • sovereigns 106.000.000
  • half-sovereigns 735.000
  • pennies 438.000.000
  • half-pennies 256.000.000
  • shillings 1.300.000
  • two-cents 829.000.000
  • one-cents 26.000.000

The Ore ObeliskWestern Australia, Perth

 The Ore Obelisk
Ore Obelisk is symbol of 1960-1970 decade of mineral expansion and was erected in 1971 (27.7.) to celebrate the millionth citizen in the Western Australia.

Minerals from top to bottom:

  • Magnesite (Magnesium)
  • Manganese ore (Manganese)
  • Quartz Dolerite (Silver)
  • Cassiterite (Tin)
  • Hematite (Iron)
  • Galena (Lead)
  • Supergene (Nickel)
  • Nickel Sulphides (Nickel)
  • Quartz Dolerite (Gold)
  • Spodumene (Lithium)
  • Bauxite (Aluminium)
  • Chalcocite (Copper)
  • Jaspilite (Iron)
  • Azurite and Malachnite (Copper)
  • Hematite (Iron)

design, programming: Tomas Kucera (2002)
e-mail: sopta (at) post.cz, icq: 33297193
last change: 2005/01/29