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SydneyNew South Wales

 CBD from ferry
One of the most spectacular cities in the world was established in 1788 when the First Fleet arrived. When they explored Botany Bay and the surrounding areas Captain Arthur Phillip decided to settle in "the finest harbour in the world" - Sydney Cove. So began the oldest and biggest city in Australia. Before British arrived approximately 3000 Aborigines had lived there, using 3 main languages. Nowadays population in Sydney is almost 4 million. The city is built around a beautiful and safe harbour in land once occupied by the Eora tribe, whose presence is mirrored in the place names of many suburbs.

The harbour divides Sydney into northern and southern halves with the Sydney Harbour Bridge connecting the 2 shores. The city center and most places of interest are south of the harbour. Sydney's airport is in Mascot, 10km south of the city center jutting into Botany Bay. Suburbs stretch a good 20km north and south of the center and 40km west. Officially called Port Jackson, the harbour spreads some 20km inland and joins the Parramatta River.

Previously known as Pinchgut, Fort Denison is a small, fortified island off Mrs. Macquarie's Point, which was originally used to isolate troublesome convicts. The fort was built during the Crimean War to prevent a Russian invasion.

The oldest part of the city is "The Rocks". In the early days it was dangerous place full of convicts, whalers and prostitutes. Later it was an area of warehouses and maritime commerce. The construction of the Harbour Bridge resulted in the demolition of part of The Rocks, but since 1970s redevelopment has turned this place into a historical locality attractive for tourists. The oldest house in Sydney is Cadman's Cottage and it is situated in the Rocks. This small house was home to the last Government's Coxswain, John Cadman. In the Rocks are also The Lord Nelson Hotel and Hero of Waterloo Hotel, which are struggling over the title of Sydney's oldest pub.

 The Opera House
One of the most famous bridges in the world, The Harbour Bridge was completed in 1932 and cost about 20 million AUD. You can climb inside the south-eastern stone pylon and enjoy the beautiful views of the harbour and the world famous the Sydney Opera House, which is situated on the eastern headland of Circular Quay. The building was completed in 1973 and has 4 main auditoriums. Inside you can see performance ballet, classical music and theatre as well as opera.

Darling Harbour is a huge waterfront leisure park on the CBD's western edge. The biggest attractions are the stunning aquarium, excellent museums and Chinese Garden. The Sydney Aquarium displays the richness of Australia's marine life. There are 3 "oceanariums" with sharks, rays, big fish, seals, fresh water fish and coral gardens. The transparent underwater tunnels are really spectacular. Sydney's most impressive museum is the Powerhouse Museum, which covers arts, social history, science and technology.

The greatest concentration of early public buildings is on Macquarie Street that runs from Hyde Park to the Opera House. There are buildings such as St. James Church, Hyde Park Barracks, The Mint, Parliament House and State Library of NSW.

 Royal Botanic Garden
The city's favorite picnic area is Royal Botanic Garden which was established in 1816 and features plant life from the South Pacific. On the eastern edge of the city center is Hyde Park with impressive ANZAC Memorial and delightful fountains. St. Mary's Cathedral overlooks the park from the east and the Great Synagogue from the west. You can see the complete panorama of the city from the top of the Sydney AMP Tower with an observation deck set 250m above the ground. The Tower is 305m high and is the tallest building in the city and in the Southern Hemisphere. From the Observation Deck you'll experience the most spectacular view of one of the most beautiful cities in the world. Here you also can post a letter from the highest mailbox in Australia. Construction of the AMP Tower (Centrepoint) began in the late 1970s and the first 52 ships were opened in 1972. The office component was completed in 1974 and the final stage of the complex was finished in August 1981. Ranking as one of the safest buildings in the world, AMP Tower is capable of withstanding earthquakes and extreme wind conditions.

 
 
design, programming: Tomas Kucera (2002)
e-mail: sopta (at) post.cz, icq: 33297193
last change: 2005/01/29